Thanks to Jacques Nerrou who has done much research on
the AUCOIN family.
The Aucoin family was in La Rochelle in 1570 at the time that Martin (1) AUCOIN was born. He was a locksmith by profession in Cougne parish. He then went to St. Eloy. During this time period, there seems to have been only one AUCOIN family living in La Rochelle. He married Suzanne BARBOTEAU in 1592. Records found give us the various spellings of this family name: Aucoing, Ancoing, Auconnois, Oguin, Angevin, this last derivation could come from a more ancient form of the name that would have originated in the Angers region.
Birth certificates were found for
4 children belonging to this couple.
Martin ( 2 ), was born in 1595. He married 1. Barbe
MINGUET, certainly by 1617.
A widower, Martin (2) AUCOIN ( carpenter) marries 2. Marie SALLÉ on 20/01/1632 in the church St. Barthélémy of the Great Temple in La Rochelle. She was born about 1600 and was the daughter of Jean Denys SALLÉ and Françoise ARNAUD. They had one son: Jean who was born 15/11/1632 in La Rochelle.
About 1640 Marie SALLÉ, now a widow, leaves for Acadie accompanied by her son Jean and with the other children of Martin AUCOIN, Michelle, François and Jeanne.
There has been much discussion about whether or not Jeanne AUCOIN is a descendant of Martin (2) and Martin (1).
However, Michelle AUCOIN (the birth certificate of which was not found) is the sister of Jeanne. STEPHEN WHITE offers as proof the dispensations of consaguinity obtained for the marriages of Michelle and Jeanne AUCOIN.
Father Archange GODBOUT, also querried about whether or not Martin (3) AUCOIN was a nephew of Michelle and Jeanne AUCOIN. STEPHEN WHITE, did not find any dispensations that would have proven a relationship existed between Martin ( 3 ) and Michelle or Jeanne AUCOIN.
François AUCOIN, presumably the fahter of Martin AUCOIN
does not appear in the census of Port Royal in 1671 nor in
any of the censuses of Acadie.
LA VEUFVE DE DEFUNT FRANCOIS GUERIN
A translatipon of the same census by Dudley J Leblanc in the book " The Acadian Miracle" lists this:
Widow Francois AUCOIN, 26; Children:
Anne 12, Marie 9, Jerome 7,
I have seen a reference for François AUCOIN three tines and by more than one author thought the information of those authors has long been disputed and has no reference sources.
On the other hand, the Martin surname seems to be a
constant in this family. The first child of Martin ( 3 ) will
also be named Martin.
In 1686, Martin (3) AUCOIN was listed in the
bay of mines
In the Dictionnaire Généalogique des Famillies Acadiennes, Stephen White mentions Patrice Gallant's article wherein Martin(3) AUCOIN would have been the son of Marie SALLÉ and Martin(2). If true, this hypothesis nullifies François AUCOIN, and makes Martin (3) the half brother of Michelle and Jeanne AUCOIN
Should that be the case, that means it would have been Martin (2) who left for Acadie accompanied by his seocond wife and all of his childen from both marriages. It appears to be a better hypothesis rather than a young widow leaving alone with four chidlren for about 1640. Should that be so, Martin(2)AUCOIN died in Acadie and his young widow remarried a Jean Claude.
The census of 1671 indicates:
MARIE SALE veufve de deffunt Jehan Claude aagée de soixante et un an
That of 1678 lists Marie SALLE with the family of François
Marie Sale veuve Jean
Case Jean Claude
This Jean Claude became the object of a whole heap of suppositions. Rev Clarence J. d'Entremont indicates in its transcription of the census of 1678 Jean Claude is an Indian.
But a risky interpretation of the census of 1686, creates a myth that this Jean Claude is Jean Claude LANDRY and that Marie SALLE is other than the mother of René LANDRY ( the young) .
This, becuase she is listed near René Landry and Antoine Landry on the census record:
RENE LANDRY 52
Marie SALLE 86
Antoine LANDRY 26
Personally, I do not believe that this holds any credence. Why would the enumerator have forgotten to record the well known surname of Landry during the entire census of 1671 and 1678, the name LANDRY?
On the other hand, in reading the census of 1686 one notices
that the elderly fathers and mothers who live with their children
are always listed at the head of the family. That it
is the case for Nicole COLSON, the widow of Jean GODET listed with
her son Jean, and for Madeleine BRUN the widow of Guillaume
TRAHAN listed with her son Guillaume, as well as PERINE BOURG
listed with her son Claude LANDRY.
Summarized various hypotheses
The AUCOIN in France nowadays.
Counting reveals us 3 concentrations of AUCOIN
in France Burgundy, the North and Aquitaine.
Thank you Lucie for your help for translation
Roux François 1999